Read e-book online A handbook of terms used in chaos and quantum chaos PDF

By W.-H Steeb

ISBN-10: 3411150610

ISBN-13: 9783411150618

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Anyone who has taken a basic science class knows that light is made of packets of energy, called photons. But this energy doesn’t just spring fully formed from the void, like Athena from the head of Zeus; it has to come from somewhere. There are several ways of producing photons, all involving the same basic mechanism: energizing the S 18 LENS CRAFTERS 19 electrons orbiting each atom’s nucleus, which is usually done by applying heat in some form. A candle’s flame, the sun’s rays, a laser, or an incandescent lamp can each be used to raise an atom’s temperature.

As shallow, vain, and diet-obsessed as her nitwit clique, the girl could take comfort in the fact that objects in orbit are weightless—not because they are beyond Earth’s gravitational field but because they are in a continuous free fall. Over the next two decades, Newton expanded and codified his insights into three basic physical laws. First, a body at rest will remain at rest, and a body in motion will remain in motion unless an outside force—such as friction or a collision with another solid object— intervenes.

Let’s say an ancient Assyrian lights a torch and stands in the center of the town square on a dark night. The blazing torch will emit light uniformly in all directions, and that light bounces off any objects in the vicinity—perhaps a statue of Ashur, the capitol city’s patron god. A neighbor just happens to have a couple of makeshift shards of meteorite on hand that serve as lenses: one curving inward and the other curving outward. When he holds up the inward-curving (concave) shard, it collects the light scattered off the statue, while the outward-curving (convex) shard focuses the light, perhaps even forming a reflected image of the statue.

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A handbook of terms used in chaos and quantum chaos by W.-H Steeb


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