National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life's A New Biology for the 21st Century PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution

ISBN-10: 0309144884

ISBN-13: 9780309144889

Now greater than ever, biology has the aptitude to give a contribution functional suggestions to the various significant demanding situations confronting the USA and the realm. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that is determined by better integration inside of biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover ideas to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable meals creation, environment recovery, optimized biofuel creation, and development in human wellbeing and fitness. The method demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, inner most, and educational sectors to aid meet demanding situations and increase the go back on lifestyles technology learn typically.

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For example, high cholesterol levels are associated with heart disease and earlystage cancers metastasize at a predictable rate. But some individuals with high cholesterol do not develop heart disease, and metastasis of a given tumor type occurs with frightening speed in some individuals and not at all in others. Each individual has a unique set of genes and a unique environmental history, yet the relationship of all of this variation to health is uncertain. Understanding the relationship of an individual’s genetic makeup and environmental history to that individual’s health risks, disease susceptibility, and response to treatment is a challenge well beyond current capabilities.

Together, the resources and benefits that are provided by the living world are considered “ecosystem services” (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005). The amount of services that ecosystems can provide depends, at base, on their ­productivity: that is, their ability to use energy from the sun to make complex carbon­containing molecules like sugars and starches. Sustaining ecosystems so that their productivity remains high even in the face of rapid climate change is essential to sustaining and enhancing the quality of life of a growing human population.

As a nation, we must lead these efforts. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 3 Why Now? The moment is ripe to invest in the development of the new biology because the life sciences are in the midst of a historical period analogous to the early 20th century in the physical sciences. The discovery of the electron in 1897 marked the beginning of a major turning point in the history of science. Over the next few decades, physics, chemistry, and astronomy were all transformed.

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A New Biology for the 21st Century by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution


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