By Victor H. Agreda
Notable a stability among uncomplicated chemistry and chemical engineering, this updated reference discusses very important features of acetic acid and its significant derivatives, together with chemistry, tools of guidance and manufacture, and synthesis, in addition to present and rising downstream technologies.;The ebook offers entire actual estate information for compounds and their separation, together with acetic acid-water separation. Describing 5 different types of strategies for the manufacture of acetic acid, it: examines thermophysical houses and aqueous strategies, with distinct reasons of mathematical types and correlations; offers a severe research of estate; outlines production expenses and similar fiscal components; studies the functions of acetic acid and derivatives; covers the chemistry and instruction of the derivatives; elucidates contemporary themes similar to deicers, esters and new esterification applied sciences.
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Additional resources for Acetic Acid and its Derivatives (Chemical Industries)
Sampat, B. , and Chandalia, S. , Chem. Ind. , 7, 25 (1979). 65. , SU 387963 (1973). 66. , Chim. Ind. (Milan), 63, 325 (1981). 67. Govorov, V. , SU 1068416 (1984). 68. Gonzalez, R. , Ind. and Eng. , Prod. Res. , 24, 525531 (1985). < previous page page_25 next page > page_27 < previous page page_27 next page > Page 27 3 Manufacture via Hydrocarbon Oxidation Gether Irick Eastman Chemical Company, Kingsport, Tennessee I Introduction Acetic acid is the end product of many oxidation processes. Two of the more important, ethanol and acetaldehyde oxidations, have been considered in earlier chapters.
For this reason, only a few commercial plants were known to have operated processes based on this technology. The volume of literature describing this reaction is much smaller than for the corresponding rhodium-based process. This is also probably due to the rapid displacement of the cobalt-catalyzed process by the rhodium-based process, which undoubtedly led to a waning academic interest in this process. Although the cobalt-based process is often mentioned in collective works [4,16,17,5052], only one group outside of BASF has conducted basic research into the commercial iodide-promoted process [16,53,54].
More recently, the National Chemical Laboratory of India has also begun to publish work in the area . Only one of these companies, Halcon SD, is known to have developed and successfully operated a pilot plant for the production of acetic acid using a nickel-based catalyst. Halcon SD sold all its rights to this process to Eastman Chemical in 1987. Several critical observations made by Halcon finally allowed them to identify and pilot a practical, low-pressure, nickelcatalyzed process with commercially acceptable rates.
Acetic Acid and its Derivatives (Chemical Industries) by Victor H. Agreda