By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer
Sustainable improvement and worldwide weather switch have figured prominently in clinical research and foreign policymaking because the early Nineties. This publication formulates expertise techniques that might result in environmentally sustainable power structures, in response to an research of world weather switch matters utilizing the concept that of sustainable improvement. The authors concentrate on environmentally suitable, long term expertise advancements in the international strength approach, whereas additionally contemplating points of monetary and social sustainability. The authors learn a good number of substitute eventualities and illustrate the diversities among those who meet the factors for sustainable improvement and those who don't. because of their research, they establish a number of promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in step with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development state of affairs and its coverage implications are then provided intimately from a expertise swap point of view. The authors suggest bold goals for know-how adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental ambitions. even supposing the optimum coverage combine to pursue those objectives is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that ends up in expertise functionality advancements and the promoting of expertise adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage recommendations so as to yield the main major long term merits. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, strength economics, and expertise swap and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable ebook.
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Extra info for Achieving A Sustainable Global Energy System: Identifying Possibilities Using Long-Term Energy Scenarios (Esri Studies Series on the Environment)
These scenarios explore cases in which the global atmospheric CO2 concentration is stabilized at various levels. Eight high-impact (non-sustainable, non-intervention) scenarios. Most of the 34 scenarios either belong to the SRES scenarios or are related to them (for example, mitigation scenarios based on SRES scenarios). At the beginning of the descriptions of the individual scenarios we therefore give an overview of the so-called ‘four storylines’ and the related four SRES scenario families. Each of the four is based on a common specification of the main driving forces.
The two scenarios of this family reflect two possible developments of nuclear energy technology. IIASA-WEC C1 The IIASA-WEC C1 scenario reflects the present reservations of environmentalists against nuclear energy. It assumes that the public acceptance of this technology will remain low and that therefore nuclear energy is phased out entirely by the end of the 21st century. IIASA-WEC C2 In IIASA-WEC C2, a new generation of advanced nuclear reactors is developed. The basic role of nuclear energy is the same as in A1T (see the description above), that is, it is widely accepted.
3. Constraining emissions in MESSAGE without at the same time allowing for the deployment of additional technologies results in higher energy supply costs, which in turn are expected to lead to lower demands. For this reason, the stabilization scenarios were generated using the MESSAGE-MACRO model, which is briefly described in the appendix to this book. The model results are therefore cost-optimal actions to meet the given carbon constraint and in consideration of a price responsiveness of energy demand.
Achieving A Sustainable Global Energy System: Identifying Possibilities Using Long-Term Energy Scenarios (Esri Studies Series on the Environment) by Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer