By Helga Stan-Lotter (auth.), Prof. Dr. Helga Stan-Lotter, Dr. Sergiu Fendrihan (eds.)
Once thought of unprecedented rarities, extremophiles became beautiful gadgets for simple and utilized learn starting from nanotechnology to biodiversity to the origins of existence or even to the hunt for extraterrestrial existence. numerous novel points of extremophiles are coated during this publication; the point of interest is to begin with on strange and not more explored ecosystems equivalent to marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, wasteland sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting. Secondly, the more and more advanced box of purposes from extremophile learn is taken care of and examples corresponding to novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection concepts for capability extraterrestrial existence kinds are presented.
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Extra resources for Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application
Science 307:121–123 Vengosh A, de Lange GJ, Starinsky A (1998) Boron isotope and geochemical evidence for the origin of Urania and Bannock brines at the eastern Mediterranean: effect of water – rock interactions. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 62:3221–3228 Ventosa A, Nieto JJ, Oren A (1998) Biology of moderately halophilic aerobic bacteria. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 62:504–544 Waino M, Tindall BJ, Ingvorsen K (2000) Halorhabdus utahensis gen. , sp. , an aerobic, extremely halophilic member of the Archaea from Great Salt Lake, Utah.
2Mn2þ þ H2 CO3 þ 2H2 O Below a depth of 2225 m, the presence of detectable dissolved sulphide that can react with Fe(II) and Fe(III) is resulting in the formation of iron sulphide in the water column. This reaction is consistent with the high concentration of particulate iron detected in the brine and the sediments rich in iron sulphides observed in the Orca basin (van Cappellen et al. 1998). The brines recovered from the active mud volcano (site GB425) and the brine pool (site GC233) were constituted via halite dissolution.
In all the brines from DHABs Urania, Bannock, L’Atalante and Discovery, dissolved plasmid DNA was demonstrated to be substantially preserved for a period of 32 days in axenic conditions, maintaining the ability to transform naturally competent bacteria (Borin et al. 2008). These results indicate the potential role of dissolved extracellular DNA in hypersaline environments as a reservoir of genetic information that can be spread by HGT mediated by natural transformation. Hypersaline habitats represent a huge and still largely unknown source of biodiversity exploitable for biotechnological applications.
Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application by Helga Stan-Lotter (auth.), Prof. Dr. Helga Stan-Lotter, Dr. Sergiu Fendrihan (eds.)