Download e-book for kindle: Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques, and by Pramod Kulkarni, Paul A. Baron, Klaus Willeke

By Pramod Kulkarni, Paul A. Baron, Klaus Willeke

ISBN-10: 0470387416

ISBN-13: 9780470387412

Aerosol size: rules, options, and purposes 3rd version is the main certain therapy to be had of the most recent aerosol dimension tools. Drawing at the information of diverse specialist participants; it offers a high-quality grab of dimension basics and practices a large choice of aerosol applications.

This re-creation is up to date to deal with new and constructing purposes of aerosol dimension, together with purposes in environmental healthiness, atmospheric technological know-how, weather switch, pollution, public wellbeing and fitness, nanotechnology, particle and powder expertise, pharmaceutical learn and improvement, fresh room know-how (integrated circuit manufacture), and nuclear waste management.

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Additional resources for Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques, and Applications

Example text

Very small particles approach the behavior of the molecules of the surrounding gas, that is, they diffuse readily and have little inertia; they can be affected by light pressure, acoustic pressure, and thermal pressure. In a similar fashion to gravitational and electrical forces, other forces can be used to cause particle motion and, thus, size-selective measurement. These same forces can also cause particles to be lost rapidly in the sampling inlet or on measurement instrument surfaces. Other forces not mentioned may have some effects but are generally much weaker than the ones mentioned here.

This similarity in form occurs for all such comparisons of uniform and stirred settling. 1 Aerodynamic and Stokes Diameter The aerodynamic diameter, da, of a particle is the diameter of a standarddensity (r0 ¼ 1000 kg/m3) sphere that has the same gravitational settling velocity as the particle in question, and is given by,  1=2 rp da ¼ dp (Eq. 2-35) r0 Thus, aerodynamic diameter standardizes shape (spherical) and density (standard density) of aerosol particles, and allows comparison of settling behavior of particles of various shapes and densities using a single measure.

S. In cgs units, viscosity is expressed in dyne-s/cm2, also referred to as poise or P. 833 Â 1025 Pa . 4 K. The interpolation formula is fitted to the data over the range 180 – 2000 K (Schlichting 1979). Reference values of viscosity and Sutherland constants for other gases are presented in Table 2-1. 3 SLIP FLOW REGIME As noted earlier, the continuum flow description ignores the discrete molecular nature of the fluid when describing its own properties and its influence on the particle. Aerosol particles, large or small, are constantly bombarded from all directions by a great number of gas molecules.

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Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques, and Applications by Pramod Kulkarni, Paul A. Baron, Klaus Willeke

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