By Henri Begleiter, Deirdre Winczewski, Richard Deitrich, Richard Fuller, Donald Gallant, Donald W. Goodwin, Edward Gottheil, Alfonso Paredes, Marcus Rothschild, David H. van Thiel, Marc Galanter
Quantity thirteen investigates the ways that age, gender, socioeconomic situations, and genetics impact competitive habit and vulnerability to alcoholism.
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Extra info for Alcoholism & Violence: Epidemiology, Neurobiology, Psychology, Family Issues (Recent Developments in Alcoholism)
Pernanen’s important recent work on alcohol and violence in a general population sample does not treat sexual offenses separately. The best source of data on alcohol and rape based on a sample of the general population is the work of Koss and her colleagues,47,48 although this work is limited to college students, The most recent research is based on a national sample of college and university undergraduates and includes 6159 men and women in 32 higher education institutions. Twenty-seven percent of women reported a sexually coercive experience since the age of 14 that met the legal definition of rape, including rape attempts.
Although some offenders were to some extent intoxicated at the time they committed their assaults, these same men were more often not sexually assaultive when intoxicated. Our data suggest that alcohol may at most serve as a releasor only when an individual has already reached a frame of mind in which he is prone to rape. However, they also argued that alcohol may contribute to the releasing of rape impulses or assaultive 1 • Issues in Alcohol-Related Violence 27 tendencies in some offenders . .
Of those who were drinking, 60% of violent offenders and 68% of property offenders reported drinking very heavily. As well, the proportions who reported being very heavy drinkers in the year prior to the offense for which they were incarcerated were also approximately equal. Thirty-five percent of violent offender and 40% of property offenders reported being very heavy drinkers. Ladouceur and Temple,18 using these data, compared the drinking behavior of rapists and other prison offenders. Their analysis shows that rapists are no more likely to drink heavily before the offense for which they are incarcerated than are those convicted of assault or burglary, and that they are about as likely to report feeling drunk as those committing burglary.
Alcoholism & Violence: Epidemiology, Neurobiology, Psychology, Family Issues (Recent Developments in Alcoholism) by Henri Begleiter, Deirdre Winczewski, Richard Deitrich, Richard Fuller, Donald Gallant, Donald W. Goodwin, Edward Gottheil, Alfonso Paredes, Marcus Rothschild, David H. van Thiel, Marc Galanter