Download e-book for kindle: Asthma: The Biography (Biographies of Diseases) by Mark Jackson

By Mark Jackson

ISBN-10: 0199237956

ISBN-13: 9780199237951

Bronchial asthma is a well-known and transforming into sickness at the present time, yet its tale is going again to the traditional global, as we all know from money owed in old texts from China, India, Greece and Rome. It used to be taken care of with acupuncture and Ayurveda.As Western drugs constructed, the character of bronchial asthma grew to become clearer, and its foundation within the lungs famous. yet cultural perceptions of the illness shifted too. via the 18th century, with acceptance that the illness used to be concentrated at the lungs, the assumption of environmental triggers akin to airborne dirt and dust and smoke first turned well-known. And with that, bronchial asthma additionally grew to become pointed out as a disorder of artisans. issues replaced back within the nineteenth century, as scientific knowing grew with the appearance of the stethoscope and new strategies resembling percussion of the chest. New remedies incorporated the advertising of mountain spas, for bronchial asthma now rose in social prestige, and have become linked to the higher periods and the literati. For Marcel Proust and Charles Dickens, bronchial asthma formed their lives and their creativity.From early within the twentieth century, the assumption of bronchial asthma as an allergic affliction grew to become confirmed, and the hunt for environmental motives used to be on. Hay fever was once heavily associated, and pharmaceutical businesses started to make antihistamines, anti-inflammatories and bronchodilators. bronchial asthma victims have been warned to watch out for pets, simplify their furniture, and take vacations through the ocean faraway from pollens. yet a newly rising proposal was once that assaults can be brought on through pressure and mental elements. With musicians comparable to Schoenberg and Berg as megastar victims, the assumption of bronchial asthma as an ?lite affliction persisted.In fresh years, attitudes have replaced back, as incidences of bronchial asthma grew dramatically internationally, in particular one of the younger. The sickness has now develop into heavily associated with sleek life and the numerous items of civilization. The conflict opposed to house-dust mites started, and entire new strains of anti-allergenic items and meals have been introduced - bronchial asthma has proved hugely profitable through the years. however the illness has remained trendy, even changing into the topic of numerous pop songs.Asthma: the biography is a part of the Oxford sequence, Biographies of illnesses, edited by means of William and Helen Bynum. In every one person quantity knowledgeable historian of drugs tells the tale of a selected sickness or situation all through background - not just when it comes to starting to be clinical figuring out of its nature and healing, but in addition moving social and cultural attitudes, and alterations within the which means of the identify of the ailment itself.

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Additional resources for Asthma: The Biography (Biographies of Diseases)

Sample text

Significantly, in addition to investigating normal respiration, Galen also explored the clinical features of breathing difficulties. 16 More particularly, Galen included almost seventy references to asthma, or derivatives of that word, in his medical writings, some in connection with his commentaries on the Hippocratic aphorisms and others in relation to his own formulation of 23 asthm a: the biogr aphy breathing difficulties. As Armelle Debru has suggested in her expansive study of Galen’s theories of respiration, Galen used the term ‘asthma’ in a number of ways: in a popular, Homeric sense to describe panting or breathlessness triggered by physical exertion; as a general form of dyspnoea caused by a broad range of acute, sometimes febrile, illnesses; and as a chronic respiratory disorder without fever.

Ebbell suggests that the Egyptians described only two forms of respiratory symptom, cough and asthma, and that they were therefore unable to differentiate between many lung diseases. While Ebbell’s specific interpretation has been challenged by other translators, the papyrus certainly appears to list remedies to remove phlegm, alleviate catarrh, coryza, and coughs, and to ease breathing. Significantly, Egyptian treatments for respiratory conditions included not only the oral consumption of a variety of concocted vegetable, mineral, and animal products but also the delivery of active substances directly to the 38 cl assical asthm a lungs by inhalation, which came to play such a significant part in the treatment of asthma in many later cultures: Thou shalt fetch 7 stones and heat them by the fire, thou shalt take one thereof and place (a little) of these remedies on it and cover it with a new vessel whose bottom is perforated and place a stalk of a reed in this hole; thou shalt put thy mouth to this stalk, so that thou inhalest the smoke of it.

However, as in the case of Japan, chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma also regularly appeared in Korean medical texts such as the Hyang-yak kugup pang (Emergency Remedies of Folk Medicine) compiled in 1236, the Hyangyak chipsong pang (Compilation of Native Korean Prescriptions) from 1433, and the Tongui pogam (Exemplar of Korean Medicine), written by the Daoist philosopher Ho Chun in 1610 in response to the decimation of the Korean population that occurred during the Hideyoshi Invasion between 1592 and 1598.

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Asthma: The Biography (Biographies of Diseases) by Mark Jackson

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