By Tatyana Soubbotina
How will we examine the degrees of improvement attained by means of diverse international locations? And what does it take to make improvement sustainable?
This publication deals no basic solutions to those complicated questions. as a substitute, the authors inspire readers to hunt their very own suggestions through examining and synthesizing info on a number of serious improvement matters together with inhabitants progress, fiscal progress, fairness, poverty, schooling, wellbeing and fitness, industrialization, urbanization, privatization, alternate, weather switch, and more.
The ebook, which attracts on facts released through the area financial institution, is addressed to academics, scholars, and all these attracted to exploring problems with international development.
This identify is a book of the area financial institution Institute -- selling wisdom and studying for a greater global.
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Extra resources for Beyond Economic Growth
Sustained economic growth in developing countries is a critical tool for reducing poverty and improving most people’s standard of living. But economic growth alone is not enough. In some countries poverty worsened in spite of overall economic growth, owing to increased income inequality (see Chapter 5). Such economic growth can be socially unsustainable–leading to social stress and conflict, detrimental to further growth. In addition, fast economic growth can lead to fast environmental degradation, lowering people’s quality of life and eventually reducing economic productivity (see Chapter 10 and Chapter 14).
Qxd 6/10/04 1:46 PM Page 27 4 ECONOMIC GROWTH RATES in relative terms. The average per capita income in African countries equaled 14 percent of the developed country level in 1965 and just 7 percent in 1995. 4 does not cover the second half of the 1990s, you can still find the approximate position of your country in it, using Data Table 1 in the back of this book (see the PPP estimate of GNP per capita in your country as of 1999 and use the average of $24,930 for GNP per capita in developed countries).
Vast opportunities for improving the quality of education in the lagging developing countries are offered by modern information and communication technologies (ICT). qxd 6/10/04 1:46 PM Page 51 7 EDUCATION places with limited access to other teaching and learning resources. Potentially, ICT in education could be instrumental in bridging the knowledge gap between developed and developing countries (see also Chapter 9). But this potential can materialize only if the so-called digital divide–the gap in access to ICT dividing these countries—is bridged first.
Beyond Economic Growth by Tatyana Soubbotina