Read e-book online Biodiversity, 2004 PDF

By Christian Leveque, Jean-Claude Mounolou

ISBN-10: 0470091592

ISBN-13: 9780470091593

ISBN-10: 0470849576

ISBN-13: 9780470849576

The identify offers an outline of the present wisdom concerning the range of the residing global and a few of the difficulties linked to its conservation and sustainable use. masking either the basics of the topic, in addition to the newest learn, Biodiversity offers key conservation matters inside of a framework of world case studies.Starting with a precis of the idea that of biodiversity, the textual content then explores such topics as species richness, ecological structures, the implications of human actions, range and human healthiness, genetic assets, biotechnology and conservation. Comprehensive advent to key concerns surrounding the examine of biodiversity.Extensive bibliography and references to various suitable websites.Introduces present study within the box inside of a framework of valuable case experiences.

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Certain atoms contained in this soup, such as C, H, O, N, P, S, would have been at origin of all organic molecules on Earth today. Under the impact of various sources of energy, such as heat, lightning and ultraviolet solar rays, mineral matter formed the first organic molecules: some protein-based amino acids, some fatty acids based on lipids, nucleotides, etc. ) facilitated the catalysis of the reactions by which organic molecules were formed. There is a consensus that the scenario of the origin of life took place in water or at the interface of an aqueous phase and an organized chemical substrate.

Mediterranean sclerophyllous forest 6. Temperate deciduous forest 7. Cold continental steppes 8. Cold Asiatic deserts 9. High-altitude deserts 10. Boreal coniferous forest 11. Tundra 12. Mountain ecosystem 13. Northern limit of coral reefs 14. Southern limit of coral reefs TR EQ 13 5 CA 28 2 BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY 2 . 3). Just one, the Onychophora, is restricted to terrestrial environments, whilst two-thirds of all the rest are restricted to marine environments. Table 2 . 3 Distribution of major metazoan groups, comparing richness in species by type of habitat (According to May, 1994) Group Annelids Arthropods Brachiopods Bryozoans Chaethognaths Chordates Cnidaria Ctenophores Echinoderms Echiuroids Gastrotrichs Hemichordates Kamptozoans Kinorhynques Loricifers Molluscs Nematodes Nemerteans Onychophorans Phoronidiens Placozoans Platyhelminthes Pogonophorans Sponges Priapulids Rotifers Sipunculiens Tardigrades Total Endemic Benthic marine Pelagic marine *** *** ** *** * *** *** * *** *** ** ** * * ** * *** *** ** * * *** ** *** * * ** * 26 10 * <100; **<100À<1000; *** > 1000 Freshwater Terrestrial ** *** *** *** * * *** ** * * *** * *** ** * ** * *** *** * *** *** * * * *** ** * * ** 11 1 ** 14 0 * * * 11 1 30 2 BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY However, just under 15 per cent of known species are marine, despite the proportionately greater size of the ocean surface.

Mutations spontaneously create new alleles. The range of genetic diversity observable at any given time depends, firstly, on the rate at which mutations appear, and secondly, on the possibilities for the mutated forms to develop and compete successfully with other forms of life. 2 ORIGINS AND DYNAMICS 45 . ); . during the replication and/or recombination of the DNA, localized secondary structures may form on either strand and interfere with the process of duplication and pairing, causing repetitions, deletions, etc.

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Biodiversity, 2004 by Christian Leveque, Jean-Claude Mounolou

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