By Charles R. McManis
How can we advertise international fiscal improvement, whereas at the same time holding neighborhood organic and cultural range? This authoritative quantity, written by way of top criminal specialists and organic and social scientists from world wide, goals to handle this query in all of its complexity. the 1st a part of the booklet makes a speciality of biodiversity and examines what we're wasting, why and what's to be performed. the second one half addresses biotechnology and appears at if it is a part of the answer or a part of the matter, or even either. The 3rd part examines conventional wisdom, explains what it's and the way, if in any respect, it may be secure. The fourth and ultimate half appears to be like at ethnobotany and bioprospecting and gives functional classes from the tremendous and numerous reports of the participants.
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Additional resources for Biodiversity and the Law: Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge
PART II BIOTECHNOLOGY: PART OF THE SOLUTION OR PART OF THE PROBLEM – OR BOTH? In Chapter 10, ‘Biodiversity, Biotechnology and the Environment’, Professor Barbara Schaal, who is a Washington University biologist, evaluates the various effects, both positive and negative, that agricultural biotechnology could have on the environment and biodiversity, concluding that these potential effects are highly location and crop specific and that the wealth of biodiversity in tropical regions poses a particular challenge to agricultural biotechnology, as many species are cultivated in close proximity with their wild ancestors.
E. e. 25 Finally, it is important to understand the international legal and public policy mechanisms governing biodiversity, biotechnology and traditional knowledge protection, as well as the political dynamics that gave rise to them. 26 Fortunately, a growing international awareness of the link between the development of biotechnology and the preservation of genetic resources is creating precisely the necessary window of opportunity for such negotiations, as technology-rich indus- ES_BL_8-3 13/3/07 11:50 Page 5 BIODIVERSITY, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE PROTECTION 5 trialized countries, which are spearheading the development of biotechnology and international trade more generally, are conversely discovering that they are relatively biodiversity-poor, while developing countries, although technology-poor, are beginning to realize that they are the stewards of the bulk of the Earth’s biodiversity.
Chapter 14, ‘Biotechnology: Public–Private Partnerships and Intellectual Property Rights in the Context of Developing Countries’, is authored by Dr Gurdev Khush, formerly of the International Rice Research Institute, whose research is widely recognized as having contributed to the ‘Green Revolution’ in developing country agriculture. Dr Khush emphasizes that both public sector and private organizations have an important role to play in harnessing the benefits of biotechnology and the emerging field of genomics, and that collaboration between the two sectors is crucial in addressing the problems of food security and poverty alleviation in developing countries.
Biodiversity and the Law: Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge by Charles R. McManis